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Chronic Sinusitis Symptoms and Causes

Causes: Chronic Sinusitis

Overview

Chronic sinusitis occurs when the space inside your nose and head (sinus) swells despite treatment and lasts for three months or more.

This common condition causes symptoms similar to the way mucus normally comes out and makes your nose stuffy. It may be difficult to breathe through your nose, and the area around chronic sinusitis may feel swollen or tender in your eyes.

Chronic sinusitis results from infection, sinus enlargement (nasal polyps), or inflammation of the lining of your sinuses. Also called chronic rhinosinusitis, this condition can affect adults, children, or anyone.

Acute Sinusitis Symptoms and Causes

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Symptoms

These common symptoms of chronic sinusitis include:

  • Swelling of the nose
  • Thick, discolored, greenish-yellow discharge from the nose (runny nose)
  • Postnasal drainage (Drainage at the back of the throat)
  • A clogged or stuffy (congested) nose that makes it difficult to breathe through your nose
  • pain, tenderness, and swelling around the jaw, eyes, cheeks, nose, or forehead
  • Loss of sense of smell, taste, and hearing

Take these simple steps to reduce your risk of getting chronic sinusitis:

  • Ear ache
  • Headache
  • Pain in your face, eye, upper jaw, and teeth
  • Cough or clear throat
  • Sore throat
  • Bad breath
  • Fatigue

The symptoms of chronic sinusitis and acute sinusitis are similar. But acute sinusitis is a temporary infection of the sinuses often associated with a cold or a change in the weather. Signs and symptoms of chronic sinusitis last for at least 90 days, but you may have several episodes of acute sinusitis before chronic sinusitis develops. Fever is not a common sign of chronic sinusitis, but you may have acute sinusitis.

When to see a doctor

Schedule an Appointment with DAD Ayurveda Doctor if:

  • You have had sinusitis several times, and the condition does not respond to treatment
  • You have symptoms of sinusitis that last more than 10 days your symptoms do not improve after seeing your doctor

See a doctor right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms, which may indicate a serious infection:

  • Fever
  • Swelling or redness around your eyes
  • Severe headache
  • Forehead swelling
  • Confusion
  • Double vision or other vision changes
  • Stiff neck

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Causes

Common causes of chronic sinusitis include:

  • Nasal polyps. These tissue growth can block the nasal passages or sinuses.
  • Deviated nasal septum. The curvature of the wall between the nostrils can restrict or block the passage of the sinuses, making sinusitis symptoms worse.
  • Other medical conditions. Nasal blockage can be caused by complications from conditions such as cystic fibrosis, HIV, and other immune system-related diseases, such as nasal polyps.
  • Respiratory tract infection. Infections in your respiratory tract Most colds can cause your sinus membranes to swell and thicken and block mucus drainage. These infections can also be caused by viruses or bacteria.
  • Allergies like hay fever. The inflammation that accompanies allergies can block your sinuses.

Risk factors

You have sinusitis increased risk of developing chronic sinusitis if you have:

  • A deviated nasal septum
  • Nasal polyps
  • Asthma
  • Aspirin sensitivity
  • A dental infection
  • A fungal infection
  • Tumor
  • An immune system disorder such as HIV/AIDS, fatty liver, or cystic fibrosis
  • Hay fever or other allergic condition
  • Regular exposure to pollutants such as vehicles and cigarette smoke

Complications

The severity of chronic sinusitis complications is rare but may include:

  • Vision problems. If your sinus infection spreads to your eye socket, it can lead to reduced vision or possibly blindness that may be permanent.
  • Infection. Uncommonly. People with chronic sinusitis may develop inflammation of the membrane, and fluid around the brain and spinal cord (meningitis), an infection in the bones, or a serious skin infection.

Prevention

Take these simple steps to reduce your risk of getting chronic sinusitis:

  • Avoid upper respiratory infections. Avoid contact with people who have colds Wash your hands with soap and water, especially before meals.
  • Manage your allergies. Work with your doctor to get symptoms under control.
  • Whenever possible. Avoid coming into contact with things you are allergic to.
  • Avoid cigarette smoke and polluted air. Tobacco smoke and airborne contaminants can irritate and inflame your lungs and nasal passages.
  • Use a humidifier. If the air in your home is dry, such as if you have forced air to heat or cool, adding moisture to the air can help prevent sinusitis. Regularly, be sure to keep the humidifier clean and free of mold.

By DAD Ayurveda Clinic Staff

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